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432 tarantate: derived from existentialist and phenomenological philosophy, the notion (put very simply) refers to the loss of the sense of self that results in one’s inability to act on the world and control one’s own existence, and ultimately in individuals’ losing their place in history. In this sense, tarantism represents an instrument of reintegrationthathelpsindividualsovercome the ‘crisis of presence’ and regain their place in history: in other words, it disciplinespsychicconflictsintheunconscious , and reintegrates the victims of the crisis. Over forty years after the publication of its original version, The land of remorse remains a provocative and compelling anthropological work. The investigation of tarantism from an historical and anthropologicalperspectiveisthebook ’smostoriginal contribution. In combining both perspectives ,DeMartinocastnewlightonthe relationship between subaltern and hegemonic cultures, and between local communities and the encompassing state of which they are part at a time when most anthropologists still focussed on supposedly ‘isolated’ communities and peoples ‘without history’. Moreover, by revealing the relations of power that informed 19th centurydefinitionsoftarantismas‘pathology ’, De Martino pioneered the exploration of an issue that became central to Foucault’s thought years later. Finally,DorothyZinn’sbrillianttranslation and annotations deserve a special mention: she has played a crucial role in introducing an Anglophone readership to the work of the Italian scholar, and in rendering his writing style and complex terminology into English. It is hoped that this translation will be the first of a series. Jaro Stacul Grant MacEwan University Malkin Irad, Constantakopoulou Christy and Panagopoulou Katerina (eds), 2009. Greek and Roman Networks in the Mediterranean. London/New York: Routledge. xii + 321 pp. ISBN 978-0415 -45989-1. The Roman Via Egnatia began at Dyrrachium on the Adriatic coast, and stretched through ancient Macedonia and Thrace as far as Byzantium. Centuries before that road was built, black-figure pottery from Attica (and later the more elaboratered-figure)madeitswaytosome of its most eager consumers in Etruria and Campania. And before that, the Phoenicians had been the great travellers of the ancient world, criss-crossing the Mediterranean, and giving rise to centres of population which would identify as Punic long after Byzantium had become Constantinople. It is perhaps nothing new toseetheMediterraneanworldintermsof such overlapping or interconnecting networks , as the editors of this volume freely admit. It is their stated intention that these 18 short articles —arising from a 2006 conference in Crete, and previously published as two special issues of Mediterranean Historical Review—do not settle for only discovering or revealing these networks but also set out the means by which modern social network theory can be exploited by ancient historians as a tool of analysis. To take one of the above examples , the producers and consumers of Attic pottery become less important than the path it traces across the ancient world, the relationships it must establish and the information it may convey. There are of course difficulties in applying network theory to the past, and for ancient historians the most salient is the scattered and incomplete nature of the (13) Last pages 24.10.17, 11:00 432 433 evidence. No historian can send out the kind of questionnaire a sociologist might employ; and where social network theory has recently been applied to the ancient world, it has chiefly been in the rare cases (such as in lists of office-holders at Oxyrhynchos, or collections of ancient letters) where the evidence is, if not comprehensive , at least fairly extensive. This problem is acknowledged by the editors, who sensibly retreat from demanding any kind of quantitative analysis; but even so, they seem to me to understate the importance of redescription in historical analysis . It may be that social network analysis will only show us things that we already know, or could have discovered by other means; but, as Dominic Rathbone notes in the volume’s closing essay, the comparativelysparseevidencefortheancientworld meansthatnew‘explanatorymodels’such as that offered by network theory are always welcome. Even if, as the introduction has it, many of the networks that can beidentified‘arestillinneedofaquestion to which they may provide an answer’, this collection offers the valuable and oftenexcitingspectacleofscholars—from PhD students to (an astonishing number of) eminent professors—accepting the challenge of rethinking and re-approaching their subject in terms of networks. Naturally enough, the...


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