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This paper examines anthologization in late nineteenth century in Japan, and has broad appeal to those studying concepts of authorship, the history of the publishing industry, archives and provenance, literary history, the study of fandom and fan culture, and Asian studies, in addition to the specific author and editors under discussion. The paper tells the story behind the canonization, via print media, of a major figure in Japanese literature, a seventeenth-century author generally unknown before the 1890s but who is now taught to students around the world and researched widely. Ihara Saikaku's collection of "complete works" (Kōtei Saikaku zenshū, or The Complete Edited Works of Saikaku, 1894) was the first of its genre in modern Japan and both reflected and influenced ongoing changes in Japanese conceptions of "the author" at a time of literary (and general) upheaval at the end of the nineteenth century. Saikaku's collection is remarkable for making provenance absolutely explicit and thus exposing the network of fans and collectors who made his popularization and canonization possible. This is a starting point for a discussion of the literary and social networks that are instrumental to canonization and the specific print communication channels they used, in this case, to disseminate their favorite author's works and ensure that he became a part of the conversation of what it meant to write modern Japanese literature at a pivotal moment in history.