Abstract

This article examines Mozi's 墨子 doctrine of Jian'ai 兼愛. The secondary literature on Mozi's Jian'ai has been written primarily based on the Mengzian contrast between Mozi's Jian'ai as "love without distinctions" and Ruist ren 仁 (benevolence) as "love with distinctions." According to Mengzi's simple appraisal of "love without distinctions," Mozi's Jian'ai has been interpreted as prescribing strict universal obligations, meaning that all beings have the same ethical duties toward all other beings. However, it is argued here that Mozi's Jian'ai is a complex and multilayered system that promotes universal obligations and, at the same time, incorporates particular obligations as well. It is also shown that it embraces all the characteristics of "impartiality," "inclusivity," and "universality."

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Additional Information

ISSN
1529-1898
Print ISSN
0031-8221
Pages
pp. 1092-1117
Launched on MUSE
2017-10-20
Open Access
No
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