Background: Community-based research with families is subject to unique challenges in recruiting and enrolling participants, particularly when researchers do not have face-to-face contact with participants.

Objectives: To identify strategies that overcome challenges associated with the recruitment and enrollment of family participants from community behavioral health settings into a research study.

Methods: We used a case study design to describe lessons learned during the recruitment and enrollment phases of a large-scale study of the implementation of an evidence-based treatment (EBT) across the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.

Lessons Learned: Key lessons identified include the early involvement of stakeholders, engaging clinicians in the research process, establishing a research–community relationship, and using a flexible, ongoing recruitment approach.

Conclusions: In large-scale community-based research, engagement, recruitment, and enrollment strategies are particularly crucial. The strategies included in this paper are relevant to multiple disciplines involving community-based research.


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pp. 233-241
Launched on MUSE
Open Access
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