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118 Reviews D D D D D a select bibliography that emphasizes key works for additional reading, many of which are in available in English. Students of SpanishAmerican literature seeking a broad overview of pre-twentieth century trends will similarly find the book a useful synthesis with an author index for easy use as a reference book. And the teacher of Latin American literature seeking ancillary materials for the advanced undergraduate or beginning graduate classroom may consider this book as a text that can complement and contextualize courses organized around major works in Spanish from the colonial period though the end of the nineteenth century. All literary histories age and have to be rewritten as the critical dialogue in the field and the intellectual questions of scholars change. At the start of the twenty-first century, Lindstrom has done a major service in writing this history in a way that productively engages with our current concerns about the power relations articulated through race, ethnicity, class and gender; colonialism and its postcolonial legacies; and the role of literature in representing, constructing, and narrating the nation. Danny J. Anderson University of Kansas Luciani, Frederick. Literary Self-Fashioning in Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz. Lewisburg, PA: Bucknell UP, 2004. HB. 200 pp. ISBN 0-83875590 -1. One of the greatest challenges for scholars of Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz is the vast range of modes, rhetorical as well as political, in which she worked. Sor Juana’s myriad texts and contexts make writing a book-length study on overarching themes in the nun’s life and works a daunting endeavor. Books on Sor Juana have tended towards the antiquated psychoanalytic genre, studies on discrete theological, humanistic or historical issues in her milieu, and collections of essays. Frederick Luciani, in his outstanding book Literary Self-Fashioning in Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz, has provided us with a framework for interpreting the complexities of Sor Juana’s life and work. Luciani argues that Sor Juana consistently performed herself as a writer in her texts. His book suggests that Sor Juana’s major insight may have been her sense of identity as a social construction. In readings that situate Sor Juana’s performance as a writer contextually, that is in relationship to the contingencies of Sor Juana’s life and career, Luciani demonstrates that the nun’s act of “literary self-fashioning” was in the interests of both fame and self-protection. 119 Reseñas D D D D D Luciani is recognized as one of the leading scholars in Hispanic Studies for his articles on authorial self-representation in Sor Juana and other writers of the Spanish and Colonial Baroque. Here he acknowledges a debt to New Historicism (from which he derives the term “self-fashioning”), Cultural Studies, and feminist criticism. His facility with a range of theory and his clear prose make his study compelling not only for scholars in Hispanic Studies but also widely outside of our field. The book presents Sor Juana’s “self-fashioning” in a variety of different genres. Luciani’s ease with the complex rhetorical traditions of Sor Juana’s time is complemented by his understanding of her political and historical context. Chapter 1, “Self-Inscription,” concerns Sor Juana’s relationship to Petrarchan tradition in her burlesque poem the “ovillejo.” This poem first appeared in the first edition of the first volume of Sor Juana’s poems, the Inundación Castálida (1689). The chapter situates Sor Juana’s bold expression in the poem within her new political situation of the 1680s after she dismissed her inflexible confessor Father Antonio Núñez de Miranda. In a decisive, close reading of the ovillejo, Luciani shows that Sor Juana’s transformation of Petrarchan convention, or her description of the lyric object “Lísida” as a real woman “de carne y hueso,” is a dialectic with the Spanish poet Jacinto Polo de Medina’s poem “Fábula burlesca de Apolo y Dafne” of 1634. Where Polo was anti-Petrarchan in his malicious rendition of the love object, Sor Juana critiques Polo’s representation and returns integrity to the female beloved. In the poem, Luciani points out...

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Additional Information

ISSN
2377-9551
Print ISSN
1084-1490
Pages
pp. 118-121
Launched on MUSE
2017-11-06
Open Access
No
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