restricted access Universal Design for Underserved Populations: Person-Centered, Recovery-Oriented and Trauma Informed


Person-centered care has yet to be widely implemented in health care settings, a circumstance that disproportionately affects individuals with behavioral health disorders and those with trauma histories. A need exists for a universal approach to care that encompasses compassionate, collaborative relationships between providers and service users. Person-centered care, enhanced by recovery-oriented care and trauma-informed care, forms the basis for a universal approach to health care. For this paper, we adopted a modified Delphi method to establish consensus on a set of basic principles and practices for developing a universal design based on these three frameworks. We used a two-stage process to arrive at guidelines for use in health and human service settings by: 1) convening an expert panel to draft guidelines; and 2) conducting an online survey of multidisciplinary experts to refine the guidelines. We conclude with recommendations for implementation.