Abstract

Diplomatic historians have downplayed the English Crown’s role in Asian diplomacy and over-emphasized the actions of merchants and military officers on the spot, but royal letters and associated materials suggest a different interpretation. The sending of such letters and the complexities of their creation and interpretation shows that English diplomacy in Asia was a collaboration between English Monarchs and the East India Company, and the mode of delivery of royal letters indicates that they played a crucial role in negotiations conducted by men on the spot.

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Additional Information

ISSN
2180-4338
Print ISSN
0128-5483
Pages
pp. 1-27
Launched on MUSE
2017-06-29
Open Access
No
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