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  • Class, gender, and substrate erasure in sociolinguistic change: A sociophonetic study of schwa in deracializing South African English: Supplementary Material

These supplementary files contain statistics and graphics that did not fit into the main article.

Abbreviations used in statistical runs are as follows:

f: final (schwa)

i: initial (schwa)

m: medial (schwa)

coconoco: core group of young Black speakers from private (or model-C) schools or not.

env: environment

f1: first formant

f2: second formant

F: female

M: male

[Download PDF file] Class, gender, and substrate erasure in sociolinguistic change: A sociophonetic study of schwa in deracializing South African English. Online supplementary materials 1: Final schwa

This PDF file gives random forests, c-trees (conditional inference trees), and lmer (linear mixed-effects regression) results for final schwa.

[Download PDF file] Class, gender, and substrate erasure in sociolinguistic change: A sociophonetic study of schwa in deracializing South African English. Online supplementary materials 2: Initial schwa

This PDF file gives random forests, c-trees (conditional inference trees), and lmer (linear mixed-effects regression) results for initial schwa.

[Download ZIP file] Class, gender, and substrate erasure in sociolinguistic change: A sociophonetic study of schwa in deracializing South African English. Online supplementary materials 3: Medial schwa

This zip file contains five individual PDF files, giving random forests, c-trees (conditional inference trees), and lmer (linear mixed-effects regression) results for medial schwa, broken down by its five subtypes: ‘a-schwa’, ‘e-schwa’, ‘i-schwa’, ‘o-schwa’, and ‘u-schwa’.

[Download XLSX file] Class, gender, and substrate erasure in sociolinguistic change: A sociophonetic study of schwa in deracializing South African English. Online supplementary materials 4: Sample data and analysis

This Excel file shows sample data and analysis for two speakers: one an Nm speaker (male, non-model-C or prestigious school); the other a Cf speaker (female, model C or prestigious school).

Rajend Mesthrie
University of Cape Town

Additional Information

ISSN
1535-0665
Print ISSN
0097-8507
Launched on MUSE
2017-06-16
Open Access
Yes
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