- New York
The State's FY 2017 began on April 1, 2016, and ends on March 31, 2017. On April 4, 2016, The New York State Senate passed the $155.6 billion 2016-17 State Budget. The budget increases school aid by $1.5 billion and eliminates the Gap Elimination Adjustment (GEA) education funding cuts. DOB estimates that State Operating Funds will increase by 2% in FY 2017.
It should be noted that Medicaid and School Aid are the state's largest local aid programs, comprising over 40% of the State Operating Funds budget. In SY 2017, School Aid will total $24.8 billion, an increase of $1.5 billion (6.5%).1
Education spending is projected to increase by $361 million in FY 2017. The increase is due to initial spending from the Smart Schools Bond Act. Higher education spending is projected to increase by $110 million (8%).2
In New York State there are 733 School Districts, 4,469 Public Schools, 301 Charter Schools and a total of 2,640,250 K-12 public school students as of June 30, 2015.3 In FY 2017, School Aid will continue to represent the largest State-supported program, accounting for roughly 29% of total General Fund spending. Education is the largest area of State spending and the largest component of local property taxes. Public education in New York represents a significant commitment of State and local spending levels exceeding $60 billion. In the last four years alone, the Governor has enacted budgets with school aid increases totaling $4.3 billion.
New York public schools spend more per pupil ($19,818) than any other state and 85% above the national average.4
state issues affecting p-12 and overview of the revenue situation in new york state:
The Regents propose $2.1 billion in additional investments in education, with $1.8 billion in aid formula increases and $290 million in priority investments. The $1.8 billion in formula aid represents a 7% increase in aid, with $1.5 billion provided for an increase in Foundation Aid. The Foundation Aid formula [End Page 305] should be improved by updating long-outdated student need measurements and removing artificial limits on aid to high-need districts. This includes ensuring that all districts are receiving at least two-thirds of their total Foundation Aid amount. The Board calls for a three year phase-in of Foundation Aid, with the formula fully provided by the 2019-2020 school year.
The Board seeks to invest $290 million in four priority program areas:
• Expand Universal Prekindergarten ($100 million): High-quality prekindergarten programs to all four-year-old students in New York State.
• Education of English Language Learners ($100 million): Support for appropriate programs and opportunities for students who are learning English, including access to dual-language programs.
• College and Career Pathways ($60 million): Increase support for career and technical education.
• Professional Development for Teachers and Principals ($30 million): Create an Instructional Development Fund.5
The Executive Budget provides a $2.1 billion increase in education aid over the next two years. The Budget also commits to fully restoring the GEA for every district by the SY 2018. For SY 2017, this growth consists of a $991 million (4.3%) increase in formula-based aids and competitive grants. The increase reflects a Foundation Aid increase of $266 million and a $189 million Gap Elimination Adjustment (GEA) restoration, including fully restoring the GEA for approximately 200 higher need districts.
The Budget includes an additional $22 million investment in prekindergarten to expand high quality half-day and full-day pre-kindergarten programs to three-year-olds in the highest need school districts. The State will also provide $5 million to support the implementation of QUALITYstarsNY, a quality rating and improvement system. This is an increase of $2 million from the State's first investment in the FY 2016 Enacted Budget.
SED regulations state that a school is identified as "failing" if it has been in a monitored or "accountability status" for the previous three school years and has been among the bottom 5% in the state in English Language Arts (ELA) and math performance or has...