Abstract

abstract:

Iranian and Arab merchants were among the first long-distance traders who sailed from the Persian Gulf to China. Many settled in Guangzhou or other coastal cities, establishing diaspora communities in an efficient maritime trade network, at a time when Chinese merchants were not yet actively sailing overseas. Here, I collect and comparatively analyze both textual and archaeological sources to reassess the role of Iranian and Arab merchants in initiating China's expansion of long-distance overseas maritime commerce. Local kilns, for example, were already producing ceramics for Middle Eastern markets during the Tang. I also show evidence that attests to a much more active role of the Tang court in Sino-Arab relations than has hitherto been assumed. But corruption in local management of maritime trade and political conflicts also had far-reaching consequences on the presence of Iranian and Arab merchants in Guangzhou and the functioning of their networks.

摘要::

本文將收集並通過比較分析文本材料和考古材料,重新評估伊朗和阿拉伯商人在中國海運貿易的興起中所起到的作用。作為中國長期海外貿易的發起者,他們在高效的海運貿易網絡中建立起僑民社區。證據還表明,唐朝廷在中阿關係中起著前所未料的積極作用。

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Additional Information

ISSN
1944-6454
Print ISSN
0073-0548
Pages
pp. 135-179
Launched on MUSE
2017-04-23
Open Access
No
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