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BOOK REVIEWS ICOMPTES RENDUS 33 / Intern ational Law but of semantics and is to be taken from the context (243). A few minor errors of proof-reading may be observed, e.g. autonomos (sic, 56), borthers (brothers, 102), Euthycles as Spa rtan envoy to Susa in 337 (sic, instead of 367, 205). Occasiona lly it might have been helpful to have onc or two additional references in the index, e.g. Thebes, 181 and Aristodemos, 309. For the aspiring statesman it is instructive to see how the career of Dcmosthenes took off. In 346, as the youngest of the ten envoys to Philip, he individually was vulnerable to prosecution after their collective failure. Therefore he seized the initiative by prosecut ing the next youngest to save his own skin. He did thereby succeed in avoiding prosecution even if his opponent, Aeschines, was acquitted 0 56-157). For the practising st atesman there are caut ions aga inst dismissing another community as a "banana" state or its rulers as no more serious than figures in a comic opera (95). To the scholar, the best advice about a book of this cali bre is not only to read it , but also to re- read it, carefully. D.J . MOSLEY D EPARTMENT OF C LASSICS AND ANCIENT HISTORY UNIVEltsI'I'Y OF WARWICK COVENTRY CV4 7AL W ALDEMAR H ECKEL. The Marshals of A lexander's Emp ire. London and New York: Routledge, 1992. Pp. xxv + 416. ISBN 0-415-05053-7. The author is to be conb'Tatulated on the production of slich a substantia l volume. The publishers, too, must take considerable credit for taking it on board, for, although the hope is expressed that it will appeal even to those who are not professiona l students of Alexander the Great, the aut.hor recogn ises that the casual reader could be intimidated by the format of the volume. We have been well prepa red for this volume both by Heckel's many previous articles and by his substantia l prosopographical study The Last Days and Testament ofAlexander the Great (Stuttgart 1988). The current work began some twenty years ago wit h the aim of replacing the second volume of H. Berve's magisterial work Das Alexanderreich auf prosopographische Grund/age (Munich 1926), a task wh ich could not be completed within the already generous limits permi tted fe w this book. Nonetheless with this publication Berve's 332 BOOK REVIEWS /COMPTES RENDUS work has been partly superseded and cannot be used without Heckel's. The latter, however, has compiled something more than a prosopographicai catalogue. In his own phrase he describes The Marshals as an arabesque of intertwining biography, an interpretative prosopography, or, as has been suggested, a "prosobiography" (xxii). The listings, too, incorporate the vast amount of research conducted over the six or seven decades since Berve, both suggesting some abbreviation of his list where similar names are taken to indicate separately identified persons and correspondingly adding eight new names. In his introductory chapter The "Old Guard" Heckel reminds us that although the Old Guard of Philip were still in command in 334 when the army crossed the Hellespont, it soon gave way to "New Men" and that with but a few exceptions the conquerors of Asia were not to rule it. Nevertheless Heckel reminds us that the Macedonian nobility was too numerous, too infl uential and too much interrelated to allow Alexander to eli minate all potential rivals, plotters and their supporters. The claim of Justin 0 2.6.14) that Alexander killed a ll KJeopatra's relatives is false, for only Attalos met that fate (3). In the systematic discussion of the Old Guard Heckel raises the largely ignored "conspiracy" of Hegelochos with PhiIotas and takes issue with Badian ("The death of Pa rmenio," TAPA 91 [1960[ 324-338), who suggested that it was "an eHart of later apologia." In the reconstruction of the end of the life of old Parmenion he concludes that it is hard to imagine that some supposed criticisms of Phili p by Alexander were written or set down in the lifetime of either. Conspiracies abounded in the fact and in the imagi...


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