Payam Akhavan SJD (Harvard) is Professor of International Law at McGill University in Canada & Visiting Fellow at Oxford University in the United Kingdom. He is a Member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration, the former Legal Advisor to the Prosecutor’s Office of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia at The Hague (1994–2000), Co-Founder of the Iran Human Rights Documentation Centre, and Prosecutor of the Iran People’s Tribunal. This article is based on a lecture delivered at the International Seminar on the Role of People’s Tribunals in the Empowerment of Civil Societies, held on 25–26th October 2014 at the University of London, School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS).
Rowland M. Brucken Professor (Dr.) of History at Norwich University who teaches undergraduate and graduate courses on civil rights, prosecuting human rights abuses, genocide, and the Cold War. He wrote, A Most Uncertain Crusade: The United States, the United Nations, and Human Rights, 1941–1953 (Northern Illinois University Press, 2014). He is currently working on a survey of human rights and American diplomacy from the American Revolution through the end of the Cold War.
David Cingranelli is a Professor of Political Science. He has written widely on human rights, democracy, and governance. His 2007 book with Rodwan Abouharb, Human Rights and Structural Adjustment, (Cambridge University Press) demonstrated the negative human rights impacts of World Bank and IMF program lending in developing countries. He is a former President of the Human Rights Section of the American Political Science Association. Until 2012, he served as the co-director of the Cingranelli and Richards (CIRI) Human Rights Data Project, the largest and most widely used human rights data set in the world. Presently, he and Mikhail Filippov are working in collaboration with the United States Political Instability Task Force on a successor to the CIRI project, which will be called the “Rights” data project.
Spencer R. Crew is the Clarence J. Robinson Professor of American, African American, and Public History at George Mason University. He has worked in public history institutions for more than twenty-five years. He served as President of the National Underground Railroad Freedom Center for six years and worked at the National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution for twenty years. Nine of those years he served as the director of NMAH. At each of those institutions, he sought to make history accessible to the public through innovative and inclusive exhibitions and public programs. His most important exhibition was the ground breaking “Field to Factory: Afro-American Migration 1915 to 1940” which generated a national discussion about migration, race, and creating historical exhibitions. He also co-curated “The American Presidency: A Glorious Burden” which is one of the Smithsonian’s most popular exhibitions. The National Underground Railroad Freedom Center has attracted worldwide attention because of the quality of its presentations and focus on [End Page 267] race, interracial cooperation, and issues of contemporary slavery. Crew has published extensively in the areas of African American and Public History. Among his publications are: Field to Factory: Afro-American Migration 1915–1940 (1987) and Black Life in Secondary Cities: A Comparative Analysis of the Black Communities of Camden and Elizabeth, N.J. 1860–1920 (1993). He co-authored The American Presidency: A Glorious Burden (2002); Unchained Memories: Readings from The Slave Narratives (2002); Slave Culture: A Documentary Collection of the Slave Narratives from the Federal Writers’ Project (2014); and Memories of the Enslaved: Voices from the Slave Narratives (2015). He graduated from Brown University, M.A., Ph.D., Rutgers University. He is a member of the Rutgers Hall of Distinguished Alumni.
Geoff Dancy is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Political Science at Tulane University, USA. He studies international human rights law, transitional justice, repression, civil war, and pragmatism. He received his PhD from the University of Minnesota in the summer of 2013. Since 2010, Geoff has been a director of the Transitional Justice Research Collaborative.
Christopher J. Fariss is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Political Science at the University of Michigan, USA. His research lies at the intersection of human rights, violence, and repression and the methods of computational social science...