Abstract

The notion of “intelligence” rearticulated the nature and limits of psychic life in the latter half of the nineteenth century. This article analyzes one stage in the genealogy of “intelligence,” focusing on passages from Hippolyte Taine’s De l’intelligence (1870) and Henri Bergson’s L’évolution créatrice (1907). Taine and Bergson describe two divergent paths – the artificial and the vital – mapping out the looming cognitive and philosophical terrain for thinking about intelligence and its influence on modern French thought and literature.

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Additional Information

ISSN
1931-0234
Print ISSN
0014-0767
Pages
pp. 146-159
Launched on MUSE
2017-01-24
Open Access
No
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