What has been the tangible impact of Israeli and Palestinian organizations working to promote human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territories? The research shows that these organizations have been effective, not only on the individual level but also in effecting policy changes to improve respect for Palestinians’ human rights. An analysis of case studies identifies and quantifies the contribution of various advocacy tools. Despite its many achievements, the human rights community has so far been powerless to influence the broader trend of Israel’s entrenched military occupation. The research concludes with questions as to whether the human rights community can and should develop strategies aimed at addressing the root cause of human rights violations.