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  • Association AffairsPacific Science Association

PSA Activities

The 21st Pacific Science Congress

The Pacific Science Association recently concluded a very successful 21st Pacific Science Congress, held June 12–19 at the Okinawa Convention Center in Okinawa, Japan. Hosted by the University of the Ryukyus with support from the Science Council of Japan, the Congress was attended by over 850 scientists from 48 countries and territories throughout the Pacific region and the world.

The 21st Pacific Science Congress (PSC-21) was organized by the University of the Ryukyus and Pacific Science Association, and sponsored by the Science Council of Japan, Ecological Society of Japan, Japanese Coral Reef Society, Japanese Society for Marine Biotechnology, Japanese Society of Tropical Medicine, The Association of Japanese Geographers, The Botanical Society of Japan, The Geological Society of Japan, The Human Geographical Society of Japan, The Japanese Society for Oceanic Studies, The Japanese Society of Fisheries Science, The Oceanographic Society of Japan, The Zoological Society of Japan, and The Japan Society of Island Studies. The PSC-21 was co-organized by University of the Ryukyus, Okinawa Prefectural University of Arts, Okinawa Prefectural College of Nursing, Okinawa University, Okinawa International University, Meio University, Okinawa Christian University, and Okinawa Women’s Junior College, and co-sponsored by the Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC) and the Meteorological Society of Japan.

The Science Council of Asia held their conference contemporaneously with the PSC-21, and this cooperative partnership with PSA yielded a Joint Symposium on “Energy and the Environment”.

The theme of the Congress (PSC-21) was “Diversity and Change: Challenges and Opportunities for Managing Natural and Social Systems in the Asia-Pacific”. There were six Sub-themes that provided an umbrella under which dozens of specific multi-paper sessions were organized. Over 450 individual papers were presented, along with approximately 170 posters. The six subthemes and the associated sessions were:

Maintaining Natural Diversity

  • • Patterns of biodiversity in the Pacific

  • • Biodiversity databases in Asia-Pacific

  • • Biodiversity and coral reefs in Asia-Pacific [End Page 151]

  • • Long-term ecological research projects in Pacific ecosystems and PABITRA landscapes

  • • Social ecology and evolution of the Old World monkeys

  • • Association of prokaryotic algae and tropical ascidians: diversity and potential as bio-resources

  • • Biology of Deep Chemosynthetic Communities

  • • Coral reef conservation

  • • Coral reefs and coral reefs fisheries: Knowledge and management

  • • Coral transplantation: Theory, practice and evaluation

  • • Natural resource management and protection of marine and terrestrial ecosystems

  • • Current topics in marine mammal sciences

  • • Challenges of rehabilitation in the post-tsunami and capacity building for mangrove ecosystem in the Pacific and Asia regions

  • • Biological, chemical and physical processes in controlling of coastal marine ecosystem

  • • Diversity of Ethnobotany

  • • Sustainable Fisheries Management Based on Marine Ecosystem Approach

Technology for Sustainable Societies

  • • Waste management and energy supply for sustainable archipelagic environments

  • • Biomedical research of natural products from marine and terrestrial sources of the Far East

  • • PEACESAT Program

  • • APT Telemedicine Initiative

  • • Assessment of natural hazards in the Asia-Pacific region

Human Diversity

  • • Origins and dispersals of Asia-Pacific Peoples

  • • The peopling of East Asia: Population movement and demographic history

  • • Human adaptations and impacts on islands: Advances in Pacific rim historical ecology

  • • Artifact and artifice in contemporary Austronesian technological traditions

  • • Structural and sociocultural diversity of languages in the Pacific rim

  • • Explorations of conversational discourse in Okinawa: Grammar, interaction and cognition

  • • Shaky Okinawan identity and unchanging characteristics

  • • US military bases and peace

  • • Realignment of US military bases and security issues in Asia and the Pacific regions

Threats, Challenges, and Hazards

  • • Global change, the Asian monsoon, and extreme weather and climate

  • • Land-human interaction in oceanic atoll islands

  • • Zoonoses and pathogens of public health significance

  • • Frontiers in medical virology: Cancer therapy with oncolytic viruses

  • • Infectious diarrhea and the burden on public health

  • • Globalization and infectious diseases: malaria diversity on islands

  • • The present situation of cestode zoonoses in Asia and the Pacific

  • • Tropical medicine and area studies in Asia and Pacific: Integration towards the better population health of the region

  • • Human resources for health in Okinawa and the Pacific region

  • • Health hazards posed by marine animals in Pacific region [End Page 152]

  • • The biogeochemical consequences of ocean acidification: new approaches for the 21st century

  • • Socio-economic implications of ocean...


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