The article examines the attitude of Menachem Begin and the Revisionist organization towards Jerusalem during 1948–49. As a political right wing entity that believed in the “wholeness of the Land of Israel on both sides of the Jordan River”, it seemed that their approach could not be anything but opposing United Nations resolution 181. This approach was accompanied by the demand for a declaration of the new state of Israel that Jerusalem should be and must be the capital of Israel. This view of Jerusalem as the capital was also shared by the pre-state undergrounds, Etzel and Lehi. There were rumors of illicit activity, such as a plot to take over the city and declare its independence in 1948. Yet the Revisionist school does not seem to have employed all the legitimate political tools at its disposal to further its goals on this issue.