Mignolo’s essay engages with Siba Grovogui’s text Beyond Eurocentrism and Anarchy, focusing specifically on coloniality. Mignolo discusses how both modernity and coloniality engendered all kinds of reactions, from the violent anti-imperial to the more hopeful decolonial, from Waman Puma de Ayala in the sixteenth century to Frantz Fanon and the évolués in Algeria—Félix Eboué, Gabriel d’Arboussier, and Ouezzin Coulibaly—in the twentieth.