restricted access Hungaro-German Dual Nationality: Germans, Slavs, and Magyars during the 1848 Revolution

German patriots in the Kingdom of Hungary developed a politics of “Hungaro-German dual nationality,” proclaiming themselves both German and Hungarian, drawing on the precedent set by Hungarian Slavs resisting Magyarization. The analysis concentrates on the 1848 Revolution: during each ebb and flow of the revolutionary movement, Hungarian Germans consistently proclaimed their loyalty both to Hungary and to German culture in journalism, poetry, history, and travel writing. Hungaro-Slavic dual loyalty problematizes historiographic assumptions about German “ethnic nationalism.”