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Art and Emotions: International Symposium, Perm, Russia, 1’7-21 September 1991 W i m i rPetrov and Leonid Dolfinan What are the emotional nature and mechanismsof art? How is it possible to increase the influence of artusing scientificmethods?What is the role of visual imagesin art perception? These and related topicswere discussedduring the international scientifk symposium entitled Art and Emotions, held in Perm, Russia, 17-21 September 1991.The Symposiumwas organisedby the International Association of Empirical Aesthetics (Russianbranch) together with the Perm State Institute of Arts and Culture. The International Associationof EmpiricalAestheticswas represented by its general secretary, Holger H6ge (Germany),and by its vice presidents,George Shortess (USA.),Martin Krampen (Germany) and Vladimir Petrov (Russia).The Perm State Institute of Arts and Culturewas represented by its rector, ZinaidaVorobjewa,by itsvice rector, Vladimir Sozinov and by the head of the Department of Psychology, Leonid Dorfman. More than 60 scientists (mainlypsychologists ,sociologistsand art critics) and artists from 9 countries participated in 2 plenary sessionsand 5 section meetings:ExistenceModes of Emotions in Art; Art EmotionalImpactson the Person;Information and Emotionsin Art, Sensesand Meaningsin Aesthetic Image;DifferentialPsychology of Emotionsand Art.Materialswere pre sented relating to variousartmedia, includingpainting, design,architecture, music, theatre, prose and verse. Among the lecturesdevoted to the role of the emotionsin the arts,the most interestingwere those by Maria Golaszewska (Krakow,Poland) on the role of emotionsin an aesthetic situation ; Leonid Dorfman (Perm,Russia) on modes of emotionsin personality and art;Holger Hijge (Oldenburg, Germany)on emotionaleffectsin aes theticjudgment; Dmitry Leontjew (Moscow,Russia) on the functionsof the sensesrelating to art;VladimirPetrov (Moscow,Russia) on measurementof the emotionalimpactof art (social aspect);and IreniuszKavecky (Lodz, Poland) on children’semotionswhile perceiving art. Visual artwas discussedby Giuseppe Caglioti (Milano,Italy),who spokeabout symmetryand itsrole in the process of perception;byAlexander Drikker (SaintPetersburg ,Russia),who analyzed the development of West-Europeanpainting from the informationalpoint of view; by Martin Krampen (Berlin,Germany), who considered the perception of twocolourcombinationsin the lightof information theory;by George Shortess (Bethlehem,USA.),who investigated the possibilitiesofthe new direction of interactiveart; by Stefan0Mastandrea (Rome,Italy),who analyzed the emotional preferences of design objects;by NikolajPrianishnikov (Moscow,Russia), who studied emotionaleffectsconcerning landscapearchitectureand urban planning; and by SergioLombard0 (Rome,Italy),who reviewed his experiments on tachistoscopicmirrorswith dream stimulants. standing of literaturewas the topic of a lectureby ReinholdViehoff (Siegen, Germany).VladimirKonecni and MitchellKarno (SanDiego,U.S.A) Experimentation involving the underdevoted their lecture to the empirical investigationsof the hedonic and emotional effectsof musicalstructure.Igor Yevin (Moscow,Russia) spokeabout “phasetransitions”during the percep tion of differentkinds of art,while consideringthis phenomenon in terms of synergetics.The lectureby German Golitsyn (Moscow,Russia) laid the informational basis for differentdevices to be used both in music and fine arts.Many interestinglectureswere delivered, mainly by the staff of the Perm schoolof art studies,which specializes in interpersonalpsychological differencesduring art perception. Alarge culturalprogram was proposed to the participantsof the Symposium, to includeboth Perm and Moscow. In addition,an exhibition of wooden sculpturein the Perm Art Gallery and a specialexhibition in the Rigina Art Gallery in Moscow presented two new directions of art called “Neotraditionalism”and “Constructive Conceptualism,”with works by Moscow painter Vitaly Gribkov,and graphics, poems and short storiesby Vladimir Petrov and others. The proceedingsof the symposium were published in twovolumes: Art and Emotions(Perm,1991)and Emotionsand APt (Perm,1992). Vladimir M.Petrov (researcher).Institute o f k t Studies, Internationalilssociation of EmpiricalAesthetics,Apt 11, dam 39, ulimTchkalova,Moscow 107120,Russia Lconid Ya Doninan (educator),Departmentof Psychology. Perm Sate Institute ofArts and Culture,ul. GazetaZvezda 18,Perm 614000,Russia Received5 March 1992. Q 1993ISAST LEONARDO,Vol. 26, No. 3, p. 249,1993 249 ...


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