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and Sony. Some progress is being made in such areas as the fabrication of bodies for buses and lorries over imported chassis and conversion of machine scraps to simple implements,etc. WatchingAmerican 3r European children ’s educational programmes on television is an eye-opener.There is one programme in which children of about 8 years of age are involved in toy construction projects. Not only do they learn such terms as gear and cam, they also fabricate their own gears and cams and put them to use in their toys. The average Nigerian child does not come into contactwith these terms until he or she gets to the universityor polytechnic, and then only if studyingengineering. The recently introduced educational structure in Nigeria, popularly referred to as the “6,3, 3,4,”is intended to correct this situation.At least by the time a child has had 9 years of education (i.e. by about age 13),he or she should have some idea of basic terms like cam and gear. The educational structure provides 6 years of primary education followed by 3years ofjunior secondaryeducation, at which level the student gains exposure to various hitherto unknown subjects such as wood work, metal work, technical drawing,and others. This is followed by another 3 years of senior secondary education and 4 years in the university or polytechnic. Every nation feels the need to catch up with the United States,Europe or Japan in technology and industrialization . This is because the real might of a nation comes from how advanced it is in technology, particularlywar technology. It does not come from how rich the culture is or how great the artists are. There is always thejustified fear of the strong nation oppressingor at best patronising the weaker. A utopia would be a situation in which the world is truly a global village; notjust in communicationfacilitiessuch as being able to watch the Barcelona Olympics in Nigeria or speak to a friend in Anchorage from Melbourne. A truly globalvillage of brothers and sistersis one in which everyone is free to pursue what he or she is best equipped for. The Nigerian electronicsprodigywould be on the same project with his or her Japanese counterpart. Needless to say, there would be no wasted effort over developmentof destructiveweapons. Utopia, indeed, it is. Human nature is intrinsically selfish.Today, on one side, bridges are being built across nations, on the other side, long-standingbridges are being torn down in the name of purity via “EthnicCleansing”! WSUF A. GRILL0 HonoralyEditor Grill0 Artists Studios, 28, Ogunlowo Street off ObafemiAwolowo Way, P.O. Box 5667, Ikeja, Lagos,Nigeria A Method forJudgingColors Artistswho keep notebooks or sketchbooks frequentlyattempt by words or codes to record perceived colors that they may wish to recall for later application . For example, those fully acquainted with the painted chips in the Munsell Book o f Colormay, on viewing an orange color in a sunset,judge the Munsell Hue to be 5yR, the Munsell Chroma (saturation),8;the MunsellValue (lightness),7. (The complete Munsell notation for the color is 5YR 7/8. The Munsell system, however, designates colors as perceived by a standardized observer under established conditions.) I wish to call attention to a readily learned method of colorjudgment that is precise for the user, yet does not rely on considerableexperience with a color system or color atlas. Its concept is embodied by the Swedish Natural Color System (NCS).I do not believe the method is known yet to many artists. cal primaries-two achromatic primaries :white and black; and four chromatic primaries: red, green, yellow, and blue [1,21. (Here the colors are presented as three opponent pairs in accordancewith an opponent theory of color vision.) The chromatic primaries are called the unitary hues. Unitaryyellow ( r ) is neither reddish nor greenish, unitary red (R)is neither bluish nor yellowish , unitary blue (B) is neither greenish nor reddish, unitary green ( C ) is neither yellowish nor bluish. To specify a color, the method requires twojudgments. The first is a judgment of hue. As an aid, one should imagine a continuous hue circle divided into four equal arcs by the locations of the four unitary hues-namely, unitary yellow at the...


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