Conventions and Abbreviations
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Conventions and Abbreviations

Because there are so many editions of The Hobbitand The Lord of the Rings, citations will be by book and chapter as well as by page number (referenced to the editions listed ahead). Thus a citation from The Fellowship of the Ring, book 2, chapter 4, page 318 is written ( FR, II, iv, 318). References to the appendices of The Lord of the Ringsare abbreviated by appendix, section, and subsection, so subsection iii of section I of appendix A is written ( RK, Appendix A, I, iii, 321). The Silmarillion indicates the body of stories and poems developed over many years by Tolkien; The Silmarillionindicates the volume first published in 1977.

Abbreviations

Works by Tolkien
ATB

The Adventures of Tom Bombadil. London: Allen & Unwin, 1962; Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1963.

B&C

Beowulf and the Critics. Ed. Michael D. C. Drout. Rev. 2nd ed. Medieval and Renaissance Texts and Studies 402. Tempe, AZ: Arizona Medieval and Renaissance Texts and Studies, 2011.

Children

The Children of Húrin[title as on title page:] Narn i Chîn Húrin: The Tale of the Children of Húrin. Ed. Christopher Tolkien. London: HarperCollins; Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2007.

FA

The Fall of Arthur. Ed. Christopher Tolkien. London: HarperCollins; Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2013.

FGH

Farmer Giles of Ham. (First published: London: Allen & Unwin, 1949; Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1950.) [50th anniversary edition.] Ed. Christina Scull and Wayne G. Hammond. London: HarperCollins; Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1999.

FR

The Fellowship of the Ring. (First published: London: Allen & Unwin; Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1954.) Second edition, revised impression, Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1987.

H

The Hobbit. (First published: London: Allen & Unwin, 1937; Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1938.) The Annotated Hobbit. Ed. Douglas A. Anderson. Second edition, revised. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2002.

Lays

The Lays of Beleriand. Ed. Christopher Tolkien. London: Allen & Unwin; Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1985. [End Page viii]

Letters

The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien. Ed. Humphrey Carpenter, with the assistance of Christopher Tolkien. London: Allen & Unwin; Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1981.

Lost Road

The Lost Road and Other Writings. Ed. Christopher Tolkien. London: Unwin Hyman; Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1987.

LT I

The Book of Lost Tales, Part One. Ed. Christopher Tolkien. London: Allen & Unwin, 1983; Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1984.

LT II

The Book of Lost Tales, Part Two. Ed. Christopher Tolkien. London: Allen & Unwin; Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1984.

M&C

The Monsters and the Critics and Other Essays. London: Allen & Unwin, 1983; Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1984.

Morgoth

Morgoth’s Ring. Edited by Christopher Tolkien. London: HarperCollins; Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1993.

OFS

Tolkien On Fairy-stories. (Essay first published 1947.) Extended edition, ed. Verlyn Flieger and Douglas A. Anderson. London: HarperCollins, 2008.

Peoples

The Peoples of Middle-earth. Ed. Christopher Tolkien. London: HarperCollins; Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1996.

RK

The Return of the King. (First published: London: Allen & Unwin, 1955; Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1956.) Second edition, revised impression, Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1987.

S

The Silmarillion. Ed. Christopher Tolkien. (First published: London: Allen & Unwin; Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1977.) Second edition. London: HarperCollins, 1999; Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2001.

Sauron

Sauron Defeated. Ed. Christopher Tolkien. London: HarperCollins; Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1992.

S&G

The Legend of Sigurd and Gudrún. Ed. Christopher Tolkien. London: HarperCollins; Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2009.

Shadow

The Return of the Shadow. Ed. Christopher Tolkien. London: Unwin Hyman; Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1988.

Shaping

The Shaping of Middle-earth. Ed. Christopher Tolkien. London: Allen & Unwin; Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1986. [End Page ix]

Smith

Smith of Wootton Major: (First published: London: Allen & Unwin; Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1967.) Extended Edition, ed. Verlyn Flieger. London: HarperCollins, 2005.

T&L

Tree and Leaf. (First published: London: Unwin Books, 1964; Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1965.) Expanded as Tree and Leaf, including the Poem Mythpoeia [and] The Homecoming of Beorhtnoth Beorhthelm’s Son. London: HarperCollins, 2001.

TT

The Two Towers. (First published: London: Allen & Unwin, 1954; Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1955.) Second edition, revised impression, Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1987.

Treason

The Treason of Isengard. Ed. Christopher Tolkien. London: Unwin Hyman; Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1989.

UT

Unfinished Tales of Númenor and Middle-earth. Ed. Christopher Tolkien. London: Allen & Unwin; Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1980.

WJ

The War of the Jewels. Ed. Christopher Tolkien. London: HarperCollins...