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The demand for social change and ecclesiastical reform after the restoration of democracy in 1974 was addressed in the field of theology in at least two different ways. On the one hand, an activist, this-worldly, and socially oriented current responded positively to the calls for progressive and democratic reforms within society and Church (social equality, democracy, lay participation, and so on). On the other hand, the inward-oriented, mystical theological current emphasized the inner freedom of the human being and the interpersonal relationships formed within the Eucharistic community at the expense of social change. The different conceptual constellations of each theological current underscored two diametrically opposite positions for the ecclesiastical and social organization, which in the end reflect the perspectives and goals of different contingents of the ecclesiastical system.