Abstract

Chen Dong, a student at the Imperial University in Kaifeng, was executed in 1127 because he criticized Song policy to relocate to the south rather than continue military resistance against the Jurchen invasions. The historical process that transformed an executed criminal into one of the seminal moral voices of Song history reveals the tension between literati governance and autocratic governance throughout the dynasty. Thirty-eight colophons, dating 1222–1259, which were written on a holograph memorial from the day of Chen’s execution, demonstrate how literati resistance to the administrations of Shi Miyuan and his nephew Shi Songzhi, especially among adherents of the “learning of the Way” movement, enhanced the historical stature of Chen Dong and presented him as a voice of “public opinion” against the autocratic power of higher authority.

摘要:

太學生陳東以其批判南宋朝廷偏安及放棄抗金之政策而於建炎元年被處極 刑。本文分析陳東奏稿的三十八通題跋,說明士人 (尤其是道學者) 將其言論標榜 為對抗獨裁勢力的公議,使其名聲從死犯轉為道德跫音之先驅。此一過程顯示了 士人統治與專制統治之間的張力。

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Additional Information

ISSN
1944-6454
Print ISSN
0073-0548
Pages
pp. 77-159
Launched on MUSE
2015-11-19
Open Access
No
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