restricted access “La fotografía es la misma muerte”: Ruina, espectro y testimonio de Antonio Machado en Guerra en España de Juan Ramón Jiménez

Juan Ramón Jiménez’s unfinished project Guerra en España can be read as a literary testimony of his exile in the USA and Latin America. Between 1936 and 1954, Jiménez created a heterogeneous archive of his own and others’ materials so as to document his activities in favor of the Republic during the Spanish Civil War and his time in exile. Following Jiménez’s visionary poetics, his project can be articulated as a montage of epitaphic ruins that bears witness to the near-death experience of Antonio Machado and Jiménez, while safeguarding their works from political use. The tensions between politics and poetics revealed by this montage clarify the important place that recent studies give to Jiménez in 20th-century Spanish intellectual history.