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Book Reviews 361 le liberalisme, le la1cisme et la franc-mas:onnerie. Les autorites religieuses et politiques auraient alors un argument de taille leur permettant de poursuivre avec plus de vigueur l'atteinte d'un objectif Commun: « maintenir la province, et meme le Canada, comme terre catholique et frans:aise » (203). Laperriere a reussi le tour de force de produire ala fois un ouvrage specialise et une synthese facilement accessible. Son ouvrage renferme une multitude d'informations et foisonne de pistes de reflexion. Le probleme provient de cette division en trois tomes. Nous sommes dans l'attente du deuxieme tome qui constitu « le coeur du sujet et qui sera abondamment nourri de pieces d'archives » (7). L'auteur nous met invariablement en appetit, lorsqu'il il affirme que !'implantation des congregations religieuses frans:aises est un fait majeur de l'histoire religieuse du Quebec. Pour !'instant, il est difficile de souscrire a ce postulat. En fait, on a du mal asaisir l'ampleur de cette etude entreprise il y a plus de quinze ans et qui a necessite le depouillement des archives de quarante-cinq congregations religieuses. ERIC VAILLANCOURT Universite du Quebec aMontreal Memory and Hope: Strands ofCanadjan Baptist History. Edited by DAVID T. PRIESTLEY. Waterloo: Wilfrid Laurier University Press 1996. Pp. viii, 211, $25.00 The articles in this collection were first presented as papers at the 1990 Baptist Heritage Conference in Edmonton, and represent yet another attempt to explore and explain the diversity and complexity of the Baptist experience in Canada. The publication of the papers of any conference presents special challenges to both the editor and the reviewer; this collection, with considerable strengths and obvious weaknesses, is no exception. Other such volumes, the result of earlier Baptist conferences, have explored some ofthe major themes ofdenominational life and development in British North America and Canada.' The papers presented here tend to re-examine some of the more important topics, with some success, but the real significance of the collection is to be found in the I See for examples Jarold K. Zeman, ed., Baptists in Canada: Search for Identity amidst Diversity (Burlington, Ont.: G.R. Welsh 1980); Barry M. Moody, ed., Repent and Believe: The Baptist Experience in Atlantic Canada (Hantsport, NS: Lancelot Press 1980); Jarold K. Zeman, ed., Costly Vision: The Baptist Pilgrimage in Canada (Burlington , Ont.: G.R. Welsh 1988); David T. Priestly, ed., A Fragile Stability: Definition and Redefinition ofMaritime Baptist Identity (Hantsport, NS: Lancelot Press 1995)· 362 The Canadian Historical Review light it sheds on some largely unexplored areas and little-understood strands. The settlement and survival of small groups of German Baptists in Ontario and the Prairies in the nineteenth century have hitherto received little scholarly attention. These topics are the focus of articles by David Priestley and Ernest Pasiciel, who also explore the role of American Baptist influence across the border. Here are mixed the issues of ethnic, denominational, and national well as the resulting strains and stresses. Pasiciel's article is especially useful, as he examines the German-Canadian churches of the North American Baptist Conference, arguing that 'the sociocultural background, characteristics , and orientation ofthe denomination changed dramatically' in the period under review (69). He provides a useful charting ofthe changes in class, ethnicity, race, and gender roles within the churches. That the churches retained an identity distinct from other Baptist groups, in spite of such changes and the loss of linguistic distinctiveness, allows him to conclude that 'ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and regionalism are not necessary for the perpetuation ofdenominational divisions' (80). Similar themes are pursued in Paul Wilson's paper on Old School Baptists in Ontario in the nineteenth century. It deals with Baptists of non-English origin - this time the Scots - and the relationship between church, community, and assimilation. Once again, connections across the border with American Baptist organizations form a subtheme to the piece. Wilson explores the way in which members' faith informed their daily life (political, economic, and social), as well as the influences of rural Ontario on their beliefs and attitudes. There is even a provocative , if too brief, analysis of the changing styles of their church buildings , which represented 'the blend of religious...


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