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Book Reviews 333 thought to approve smaller sums of money in order to second veteran HBC employees to make preliminary pedestrian explorations up the coast. Dobbs knew of Henry Kelsey's travels in the company of Native guides. Why did he himself not apply the same thought to the search for a passage? Instead, he breathed new life into the spectres of de Fuca and Fonte, even after the voyages (343). Another quarter-century would elapse before Samuel Hearne made his journeys, and another half-century before his posthumously published]oumey (1795) brought them to widespread attention. But even with the proof he offered that one could walk up to the Arctic Ocean at 67°N latitude without encountering a passage, the dubiety of Dobbs lived on, by then in the incarnation of the next theoretical cartographer, Alexander Dalrymple. I.S. MACLAREN University ofAlberta Relocating Eden: The Image and Politics of Inuit Exile in the Canadian Arctic. ALAN RUDOLPH MARCUS. Dartmouth, NH: University Press of New England 1995. Pp. xvi, 272, illus. $19.95 Relocating Eden is one of a number of studies and reports that have appeared during the last few years which have been concerned with the early 'government era' (c 1950-70) in the Canadian Arctic, and especially with Canadian government policy towards Inuit. Marcus's contribution , his second to this body ofliterature, is one ofthe more impressive examples of scholarship within a genre that has not always moved in that direction. Marcus definitely subscribes to the now dominant view that the Inuit who participated in the most dramatic relocations that occurred through the 1950s were, in fact, if not intent, victims of a period of government policy making that was at best abysmally ignorant and at worst deliberate social experimentation. In either sense, his use of the term exiles drives home to the reader the extreme dislocation that the majority of these people experienced. This is brought forcefully home through his analysis of case examples (see chapters 3 through 6) involving the movement of lnujjuamiut from Arctic Quebec to the High Arctic and the Ahiarmiut of the western Hudson Bay barrens. Throughout these sections, he makes excellent use of both archival and, where available, living sources to detail the failure of these moves. In my view, where Eden Relocated makes its most important contributions is in the author's analysis of what motivated various forces within and outside government in the formation, implementation, and rationalization of relocation. Chapter 1 traces the many currents that were to be found within government at the time, while chapter 7 334 The Canadian Historical Review rightly discusses the effect that a few individuals had in influencing public understanding of these relocations. It is this latter material that makes this book stand out from almost all other writings about the period and the problem and, even iftaken alone, represents a substantial contribution to our overall understanding of both. Some scholars, former and present members of government, and possibly even a few Inuit may disagree with some elements of Marcus 's analysis. However, this disagreement in any but the most extreme cases can only be of degree not kind. This book is one of the two or three best works on a period in northern social history that has been badly understudied (and understood) and deserves to be fairly read by every student of the modern Canadian North. GEORGE w. WENZEL McGill University Labrador Odyssey: The journal and Photographs of Eliot Cunven on the Second Voyage of Wilfred Grenfell, 1893. Edited by RONALD ROMPKEY. Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen's University Press 1996. Pp. xl, 231, illus. $29.95 · Eliot Curwen, a young medical doctor and missionary, spent only a few short months in Labrador in 1893 for the London-based Mission to the Deep Sea Fishermen. He had been recruited by Wilfred Grenfell to join the MDsF's second expedition to minister to the fishermen and settlers along the Labrador coast and run a hospital planned for Indian Harbour. Because the hospital was not constructed in time for use during the 1893 season, Curwen spent much of the summer sailing along the coast in the mission's vessel, The Albert, which...


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