Abstract

Background. In the U.S., overweight/obesity among African American (AA) girls has become epidemic. Since parental factors may be associated with improved weight status, it is important to understand the empirical evidence for including parents in obesity prevention interventions with AA girls. The purpose of this integrative review was to identify effectiveness and characteristics of obesity prevention interventions for AA girls (6–17 years) and their parent. Methods. Included interventions addressed physical activity (PA), dietary/eating behaviors, and body composition. Results. Of 708 studies published through March 2014, eight met inclusion criteria. Though effects were in the intended direction for most, statistically significant effects were found only for dietary intake and eating behavior. Discussion. Interventions were characterized by exclusion of girls ages 13–17, failure to link parent involvement to child outcomes, the absence of family systems theory, and modest effects. Further research is needed to ascertain the effectiveness of daughter/parent obesity prevention interventions.

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Additional Information

ISSN
1548-6869
Print ISSN
1049-2089
Pages
pp. 737-760
Launched on MUSE
2015-08-27
Open Access
No
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