Abstract

Burgenland “was the first awarded, but last annexed territory” in Europe’s long and drawn out postwar territorial reorganization. This article will examine the intricate history of Burgenland and the Austria-Hungary border dispute from 1918–22, with the intent to place the territorial dispute of Western Hungary, from an international perspective, within a much larger continental framework that will challenge our traditional view of these events and place Burgenland within a discernable pattern of post-Habsburg state formation and decline. In retelling this historical narrative, Burgenland may find a reoriented role in the contemporary history of Austria, Hungary, and Central and Eastern Europe.

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