Burgenland “was the first awarded, but last annexed territory” in Europe’s long and drawn out postwar territorial reorganization. This article will examine the intricate history of Burgenland and the Austria-Hungary border dispute from 1918–22, with the intent to place the territorial dispute of Western Hungary, from an international perspective, within a much larger continental framework that will challenge our traditional view of these events and place Burgenland within a discernable pattern of post-Habsburg state formation and decline. In retelling this historical narrative, Burgenland may find a reoriented role in the contemporary history of Austria, Hungary, and Central and Eastern Europe.


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