Infant Mortality in Cuba: Myth and Reality

Because of its low infant mortality rate (IMR), Cuba is often portrayed as a poor country that has reached social development levels of rich nations. In this article, however, I show that Cuba’s reported IMR seems very misleading. By exploring a sharp discrepancy between late fetal and early neonatal deaths, I develop a method for adjusting Cuba’s reported IMR. The results indicate that the adjusted IMR might be twice the reported one. Furthermore, Cuba’s adjusted IMR, although lower than those of Latin American and middle-income countries, is not at par with those of developed countries, as previously believed.