This article provides an overview of the development of the Internet in Tajikistan, particularly focusing on state efforts to repress on-line freedom beginning in 2012. The article argues that many forces shape Tajikistan’s virtual community, including civil society activists, the state and its “volunteers,” the Tajik diaspora, and various media and Internet-focused companies. None of these groups fully control what happens on-line, leading to an intense struggle over the medium’s future.