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238 the jurist SUMMA DECRETORUM, TOM. 1: DISTINCTIONES I–XX by Huguccio Pisanus. Edidit Oldr ˇich Pr ˇerovský. Monumenta iuris canonici . Series A: Corpus Glossatorum 6. Vatican City: Vatican Library, 2006. After Gratian, whose contribution to canonical jurisprudence was quite different, Huguccio was the most important jurist of the twelfth century. His extensive commentary on Gratian’s Decretum was thorough , thoughtful, insightful, and, after eight centuries, still extraordinarily stimulating to read. Huguccio was read for centuries, but his work was never printed. It was one of the few major pieces of medieval jurisprudence that was never doused with printers’ink. Nonetheless, his influence spread throughout Europe. There are forty-three manuscripts of the work scattered over the length and breadth of Europe. Peter Landau writes a short history of this edition in the Preface of the volume. He reports that it was conceived as a project from the beginning of Stephan Kuttner’s Institute of Medieval Canon Law at The Catholic University of America in 1955. In August 1955 at the International Historical Congress in Rome, Stickler, Catalano, Huizing, Leonardi, Prosdocimi, Schramml, and Zanetti planned an edition. Prosdocimi had worked on an edition of the first twenty distinctions since 1949, and had reported on his progress at a Bolognese Congress on Gratian in 1952. Under the leadership of Alfons (later Cardinal) Stickler, Huguccio’s Summa was divided among various collaborators, but Prosdocimi remained the editor of the Tractatus de legibus (D.1–20). In 1961 sisters of the Order of Rosano began to collate manuscripts under Stickler’s guidance in the Salesianum. In 1973 Prosdocimi gave Stickler the responsibility to continue the edition of the first twenty distinctions. In 1983, after Stickler became Prefect of the Vatican Library, he turned the edition of the Tractatus de legibus to Oldr ˇich Pr ˇerovský who finished it in 1995. The text was then checked by Rudolf Weigand, Peter Landau, and Orazio Condorelli. Editions of legal texts with many manuscripts are labor intensive. In my experience, an editor must spend much time reading manuscripts to understand the relationships among them. These relationships are often complicated and reflect the history of the text after it has left the author’s hand. Huguccio’s text is particularly intricate. He never commented on the entire Decretum and his text circulated in several different forms. Wolfgang P. Müller’s monograph on Huguccio (Washington, D.C., 1994) is the best study of Huguccio’s life and text. Müller laid out the different versions of Huguccio’s commentary. With the participation of so many distinguished scholars, I wish that I could report that the edition is a splendid piece of work. It is not. The introduction , Huguccio’s text, and the apparatus are marred by many errors and infelicities. None of them will seriously mislead the reader, but they should not have occurred in a critical edition. A number of them fall into the category of errors overlooked in proof reading. Words are misspelled (e.g., p. 27 line 13 “leqis”, p. 151 line 2 “auod”, p. 171 line 22 “Eqo”), poor, incorrect, or extraneous punctuation (e.g., p. 9 line 118 ; “om”, p. 25 line 4, p. 31 line 11, p. 79 line 18; “Confirmantur” should be “confirmantur”, p. 186 line 1). Errors and unresolved abbreviations sprinkle the introduction, e.g., Müller’s name is given as V.R. in the first footnote; abbreviations of books and journals are given without a corresponding list; punctuation of citations is erratic; journal articles and books are cited in the same format. Stephan Kuttner—an exacting and careful editor—would have been appalled and pained that a volume of the Corpus glossatorum could have been so carelessly proofread. The sloppiness of this volume extends beyond the typography. On the cover Huguccio is given the title “Pisanus.” Wolfgang P. Müller had conclusively demonstrated that Huguccio was not from Pisa and that he did not write the grammatical work long attributed to him, Derivationes. The editor, however, places his birthplace in Pisa and ascribes the Derivationes to him (p. xxx). There is at least one serious error in the text that will mislead readers. At D.12 c.6...


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