The Rise of Pathological Illustrations: Baillie, Bleuland, and Their Collections


This essay examines the illustrated pathological works by Matthew Baillie (London, 1799–1803) and Jan Bleuland (Utrecht, 1826–28). Both works relied on extensive collections of specimens preserved in London and Utrecht, respectively. The essay discusses changing notions of disease, the erosion of the boundaries between surgeons and physicians, the role and significance of pathological collections, and the relations between preserved specimens and their representations.