The idea of God is historical and responsive to cultural change. “Sir John Mandeville’s God(s)” examines the contradictions that result from such change in the later Middle Ages, a time of social andphilosophical turmoil. Mandeville’s God appears first as a Lord, enmeshed with a feudal class structureand chivalric values; this deity offers salvation exclusively to Christians. Later in the work, God appearsas a Creator and offers salvation to all who love and serve him, including pagans. These contradictoryreligious symbols express complex cultural needs and appeal to a broad lay audience in late medieval England.