On September 14, 2014, Russia held regional and local elections while simultaneously launching a municipal reform to consolidate greater Kremlin control over Russian city governments. The reform largely removes the last remaining vestige of democratic pluralism in Russia by eliminating directly elected mayors and city councils. Both the elections and the reform encapsulated Vladimir Putin’s unquestioned authoritarian dominance over Russian subnational politics. Combined with Russia’s difficulties in foreign and economic policies, the reform may leave Russia internally less governable and its political future less stable than the results of the September 14 elections might otherwise suggest.