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REVIEWS 283 for example,wouldhelpexplainCritchlow's failuretopurchase a farm of his own. The editor's style is stilted and containsseveralconfusingrun-on sentences. More important is the absence of anycriteriatojustify whatwas eliminated from the total documentation. Despite thesecaveats, Ragweed Press shouldbecongratulated for publishingThe Island Family Harris.Islandhistoriography hasbeentoolongdominated by the land question,Confederation,and LucyMaud Montgomery.Robert Tuckhaseditedoneof thefewsocial history publications concerning Canada's smallest province. DOUGI.AS O.•A•.DW• University ofPrince Edward Island Patterns ofPrejudice: AHistory ofNativism inAlberta. HOWARd) •'AI•MER. Toronto: McClelland andStewart•982. Pp.217.$8.95 When nationalattentionwasfocusedrecentlyon the denialof the holocaust andrelateddoctrines purveyedbyJimKeegstra, school-teacher andmayorof Eckville,one could frequently sensethe knowing assumptionof many commentatorsthat here again was a predictablerecrudescence of the characteristic anti-Semitism andnativism stilllurkingamongred-neckAlbertans . Palmer's bookshould helptoputsuch notions inperspective, andatleast some of themto rest.'The development of nativism andprejudice in Alberta was notunique,'hewrites;'rather,itwaspartofthestoryoftheriseanddecline of nativismand prejudicethroughoutthe English-speaking world in the twentiethcentury'(182). Generallyspeaking,the author'ssensitivityand balancein handling a notoriously complex subject shouldbecommended. Whereothers mightyield tothetemptation tobecome indignantly judgmental,Palmermakes hispoints rationallyand dispassionately. He contends that nativismcannotalwaysbe linkedclearlyto economic adversity, nor always to predictable sociological factors. He doesfind prejudiceemergingmorestrongly in miningcamps and cities thanin rural areasandsmalltowns;andargues that'visibility' (physical, cultural,etc.) of particulargroupshasbeen more importantthan sizein provoking ethnicconflict - thusthehostility directedatvarious timestoward theJapanese andHutterites.Manyreaders willbesurprised atthestrong case madethat,despitesomequalifications, thegeneraleffectof theSocial Credit phenomenon 'wasto lessenethnictensions' (•43). That anti-Semitism, for example, wasless virulentinAlbertathanelsewhere - andit was - owedmuch to Aberhart. A fewminorquibbles mightbenoted.The authorstates thatheintendsto concentrate onthe period•92o-45, butonlythreepages dealwiththevital years•939-45. He does devoteone-quarter ofthetexttotheerapriorto 192o, butonemighthavearguedfor evenmoreattention tothose years because of 284 THE CANADIAN HISTORICAL REVIEW theirsignificance in shaping laterattitudes. Notentirelyconvincing isPalmer's possibly toosanguine assertion thatnativism since•945 hasbeenforced'tothe marginof Alberta'ssociety' (•5, •77-8) ßThat maybetrue,Eckville notwithstanding ,but onewouldwishto knowPalmer'sgrounds,giventhe factthat human rights commissioners contendthat at leasta quarter of Albertans harboursignificant prejudice towards various minority groups. Thatisapretty wide'margin,'evenif it isno worsethanin otherCanadianprovinces. One might alsoquestionwhetherthe treatmentof SocialCredit is satisfactory: breakingfromthestyle of analysis foundin therestofthebook,Palmerfocuses on Aberhart,and tendsto ignoreor dismiss thoseSocialCrediterswhowere openlyanti-Semitic. DoesAberhartfairlyrepresent themovement asawhole? Overall,however,thisbookis an excellentpieceof analysis, basedon thoroughand wide-rangingresearch,challengingsomeof the prevailing wisdomaboutAlberta'shistory. D.I•^LLUniversity ofAlberta Documents Relating totheGreat Awakening inNovaScotia x76o-• 79•. Editedby c,o•tDo• T.STEW^•t•r. Toronto:The ChamplainSociety •982.Pp.xxxvii,299 The GreatAwakeningin the Maritimeprovinces hasbeenat thecentreof a substantial burstof recentdocumentary publications, mostnotably thediaries ofJoseph DimockandJohnPayzant, whicharenow joinedbythiscollection of material editedbyGordonStewart, whose scholarly workonthetopic has, over the years,made a substantial contributionto our understanding of the phenomenon. Stewarthas limited his collection both geographically and chronologically, focusing exclusively upon NovaScotia in the yearsbefore •79•. Some of the material has been previouslypublishedor recently republished, including theautobiography of HenryAllinehereinexcerpted. Thecentrepiece ofthisbook,however, isthefirstcomplete appearance inprint of the Records of the ChurchofJebogue in Yarmouth,preparedby Henry Alline'schiefpublicopponent, JonathanScott. Theserecords arewellwortha volumetothemselves, offeringastheydoa fascinating glimpse intothemind of Scott,thereligious assumptions of YankeeNovaScotia, andsocial lifein the community of whichScottwasfor somanyyearsthepastor. It should beemphasized thatScott didnotactmerelyasneutralrecorder of hischurch's activities, but carefullypreparedandeditedJebogue's records, oftenlinkingcriticaldocuments with narrativecomposed by himself.The records makequiteapparenttheextentof thelong-standing conflicts of Scott withmanyof hispeople overa numberof issues, particularly money, church discipline, andrevivalism. The materialondiscipline isparticularly revealing, bothof Scott's ownsomewhat torturedpersonality andof theinternaltensions withinthelittlecommunity in whichheoperated. The typical readerof the ...


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