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202 THE CANADIAN HISTORICAL REVIEW wellasthewarin theair andat sea.SirLlewel!yn deals competently withthe diplomacy of thewaryears. He considers thepeace settlement withGermany at some length,andshows howthe 'qegend of the infamous treatyof Versailles" came to bewidelyaccepted in Britain. A section devoted to theorganization of British resources fortotalwar-theonlypartofthebook inwhich onemight hope to meetthe ordinary English civilian-rather disappeintingly tendsto concern itselfmainly withproduction figures andotherstatistics andhasrelatively little to sayabout howpeople carried ononthehome front. Canadian participation in thewarescapes withscant attention. AnyCanadians who may have b,,e. enpresent during the .fi[,,st gas attack atYpres are presumably included amongtheBritish in thesalientwhowerein danger ofbeing cutoff whenFrench territorial andAfrican troops withdrew in panic. A couple of lines ineach case gives credit tothecapture ofthe P, asschendaele ridge byCanadian forces andto theirbreachof the Droeourt-Queant line.The winning of Vimy ridgeandthesuccessful attack bytheCanadian Corps atAmiens inAugust 1918 receive footnote attention. Ottawa G.W.L.NmHo•.so• Europe Saranlure andthe Samnites. By E. T. SA•.Mo•. Cambridge: At the University Press [Toronto: Macmfilan ofCanada]. 1967.Pp.xii,447,maps, plates. $12.75. Tins•s A COX•'F. TF.•XX•ONOa•O,•'H aboutan Umbro-Sabellic-speaking Villanova nationof IronAgeOld Italy whichmi ht, duringthe decades beforeandafter g 300 •c, havehad a chance to lay the foundations for an Italianempire, but couldnot succeed because the civilization and the militarypotentialof the nascent Imperium Romanurn were byfarsuperior. This ,,book descri,bes well, in eleven chapters, sources, land,people, culture (whynot civilization, instead of germanizing), the First,Second, Third,andPyrrhicWars,Roman domination from the third to the first centuries •c, and the end of the Samnites as a consequence oftheSocial War. The authoris an expertin Roman history andof international repute.His omissions and coinmissions are, as a rule, intentional. ProfessorSalmon is more reluctant thanthisreviewer wouldhavebeento embellish hissurvey by comparingand elucidating our ratherfragmentary source evidence for Samnite civiliiation, including Samnite linguistics andreligion, withthehelpofgenerally Indo-European andglobal folklore factsandsome of themoreplausible IndoEuropean andanthropological hypotheses. Worse, Samnite political andmilitary decisions aretreatedasff thisstillalmost prehistoric tribalfederation hadbeen rationally advised anddirected by a small number of individuals andthefactions around them,ascanbe argued fortheRoman Republic in thefourthandthird centuries •c. In Samnite agriculture, forest exl•loitation wascharacteristically n interconnected withgraingrowing, viticulture, a d pig-breeding. In spite ofsuch minor shortcomings thisisa rather informative contribution to Roman republican history. University ofToronto F.M.HF. mX-m•.ImL• 1Cp ' H. Dohr, "Gutschoefe nach denSchrfften Cates trod Varros" (Phil.Diss., Cologne, 1965),15f. ...


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