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REVIEW ARTICLE SWIFT'S WRITINGS AND A VARIETI OF COMMENTATORS' Recent years have been so productive of major scholarship in the field of Swift studies that one begins to expect, as the tercentenary of his birth approaches, that de6nitive bibliographical, textual, and biographical volumes will be readily available; we shall then be left with what John Gay, writing in November 1726 of the enormous range of opinion that greeted the London publication of Gulliver's Travels, referred to as a "variety of commentators, to explain the difficult passages." The Oxford edition by Herbert Davis of the Prose Works in fourteen volumes, begun in 1939 but interrupted by the war, nears completion, and the two 6nal volumes of Professor Ehrenpreis's projected three-volume biography of Swift are expected shortly. The second edition of the Teerink Bibliography (lirst printed in 1937), revised and corrected, has been edited by Dr. A. H. Scouten of the University of Pennsylvania . Sir Harold Williams, the distinguished editor of the Journal to Stella (2 vols., Oxford, 1948) and the Poems (3 vols., Oxford, 1937; 2nd edition, 1958), has added more than a cubit to his scholarly stature by undertaking tlle prodigious task of editing Swift's Correspondence. The lirst three volumes appeared last year, and, according to the publishers, the edition will be completed in two additional volumes, with a sixth volume containing an index of correspondents and a general index. Although only the Teerink·Scouten Bibliography and the Williams Correspondence will receive attention here, it is obvious that, in the face of such devotion to primary texts and their provenance, secondary materials must be relegated to a delinitely secondary place. The "revised and corrected" second edition of the Teerink Bibliography has benefited in large measure from the adverse criticism accorded the original printing of 1937, but the organization of the materials, sharply criticized in "Sir Harold Williams, ed., The Correspondence of Jonathan Swift, Volume I, 16901713 ; Volume II- 1714--23; Volume III-I724--31. Oxford: Clarendon Press. 1963. Pp. lxxii, 428; xxii, 475; xxx, 512. $38.00 Hennan Teerink and Arthur H. Scouten, eds., A Bihliography of the Writings of Jonathan Swift. Philadelphia: UniverSity of Pennsylvania Press. 1963. Pp. xviii, 453. $25.00 Edward W. Rosenheim, Jr., Swift and the Satirist's Art. Chicago: University of Chicago Press [Toronto: University of Toronto Press]. 1963. Pp. xiv, 243. $5.95 Oliver W. Ferguson, Jonathan Swift and Ireland. Urbana: University of Illinois Press. 1962. Pp. viii, 217. $5.00 Milton Voigt, Swift and the T wentieth Century. Detroit: Wayne State University Press. 1964. Pp. 203. $7.95 . Ernest Tuveson, ed., Swift: A Collection of Critical Essays. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice·Hall, Inc. 1964. Pp. vi, 176. $3.95 Volume XXXIV, N1{mber 3, April, 1965 SWIFT'S WRITINGS 295 the reviews of the original volume, remains the same. Despite the numerous advantages of the orthodox bibliographical practice of arranging entries chronologically, Dr. Teerink's arrangement under seven headings (Collected Works; Smaller Collections; A Tale of a Tub, and so forth; Gulliver's Travels; Separate Works; Doubtful; Biography and Criticism, 1709-1895) can be justified. The original Teerink numbers have fortunately been retained, and the process of locating a particular entry has been simplified by the provision of a "table of location" that gives the page number of the volume upon which each of the 1194 Teerink numbers may be found. Other objections to the 1937 edition have been met in the full physical description of important books and pamphlets; in the inclusion of bibliographical findings of Swift scholarship during the past twenty-five years; in the listing of new items and in the omission of works that are obviously not part of the Swift canon (for example, the John Bull pamphlets) ; in the removal of a number of attributions, either by completely omitting them or by relegating them to the "Doubtful" section; and in the detachment and transference of certain entries. As the Director of the University of Pennsylvania Press observes in the IIPublisher's Preface," these are {


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