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  • Eliot and MiltonThe American Aspect
  • Herbert Howarth (bio)
Herbert Howarth

Associate Professor of English, University of Manitoba; author of The Irish Writers, 1880–1940 (1958)


1. See The Times (London), June 8, 1937. Eliot’s reply is in his “Commentary” in the Criterion, October, 1937.

2. The 1930 lecture is printed together with the 1947 lecture in On Poetry and Poets (London, 1957). There is a valuable survey of Eliot’s changing position on Milton by E. P. Bollier in Tulane Studies in English, VIII, 165–92.

3. C.W. Eliot, Harvard Memories (Cambridge, 1923).

4. See The Harvard Classics, vol. 50, 7.

5. See T. S. Eliot, Selected Essays, 3rd ed. (London, 1951). 505–10. Compare his “Commentary” in the Criterion, January, 1938, and some instructive pages in H. W. H. Powel, Jr.’s unpublished dissertation (Brown, 1954), “Notes on the Early Life of T. S. Eliot.”

6. On points like this the writer on Eliot meets a difficulty: he must report faithfully, and inasmuch as he loves Eliot is likely to report warmly; yet he may well be opposed to Eliot’s argument. My private preferences in this matter are on the side of the American university.

7. See Harvard Celebrities:…Drawings by Frederick Garrison Hall ‘03, Edward Revere Little ’04. Verses by Henry Ware Eliot Jr. ’02 (Cambridge, 1901).

8. Quoted in Henry James, Charles W. Eliot (Boston, 1930).

9. Barrett Wendell, The Temper of the Seventeenth Century in English Literature (New York, 1904).

10. Compare Eliot’s “Commentary,” the Criterion, July, 1937: “People are only influenced in the direction in which they want to go.…”

11. See W. G. Eliot, Discourses on the Doctrines of Christianity (Boston, 1880), 97.

12. Quoted from Nineteenth Century Questions by D. K. Colville in his unpublished dissertation (Washington University, St. Louis, 1953), “James Freeman Clarke.”

13. See Earl Morse Wilbur, Thomas Lamb Eliot (Portland, Oregon, 1937).

14. See the lecture, American Literature and the American Language (St. Louis, 1953).

15. Printed as After Strange Cods (London, 1934).

16. See, for example, the Crimson of February to, 1910.



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