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Christianization required the construction of a worldview capable of adapting to transformations of the physical, political, and social landscape. This article argues that Prudentius attempted to cultivate such a worldview in his readers by teaching them how to interpret their surroundings through the lens of Christ-imitation and martyrdom. Through an extended ekphrasis, Prudentius demonstrates the role of interpretation in the construction of martyrdom—a mother’s interpretation of her son’s suffering in Peristephanon 10 both cements her son’s martyrdom and opens the possibility for her own, although she does not die. Prudentius uses her example to guide his contemporaries to develop their own martyrial Christian worldviews.