The large-scale digitization of nineteenth-century books and periodicals now makes possible a more comprehensive exploration of the cultural history of victorian texts and their interrelated bibliographic, visual, and linguistic codes. This essay argues that computational analysis can help us move beyond human limitations of vision, memory, and attention in examining this new archive. Digital reading can help us to discover texts we do not already know and to resituate those we think we already know, thus producing new research questions and new kinds of evidence.