Abstract

Early blue violet (Viola adunca Sm. [Violaceae]) is the key larval host plant of threatened fritillary butterflies found along the western coast of North America. This small-statured species has not been readily available in restoration seed mixes because of the time and cost investments required for collecting seeds and the irregular flower and fruit development that occurs over the course of the growing season. We have developed an efficient method for seed production that facilitates the recovery of the butterfly taxa, and it supplies seeds for grassland restoration projects. Using greenhouse produced seedling plugs and weed barrier fabric in seed production fields allows for the increase and ease of seed collection during multiple years of seed production.

pdf

Additional Information

ISSN
1548-4785
Print ISSN
1522-8339
Pages
pp. 124-128
Launched on MUSE
2014-08-18
Open Access
No
Back To Top

This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. Without cookies your experience may not be seamless.