Abstract

The Urdu poet Shāh “Ḥātim” (1699–1783) enjoyed a long career, interacting with several generations of Urdu poets in Delhi and observing firsthand the massive upheavals that accompanied the Mughal Empire’s rapid political decline. He is remembered today primarily for his claim, made some twenty years after he composed poems in praise of coffee and tobacco, to have purged his earlier collections of poetry containing unliterary vocabulary and outdated puns. Ḥātim’s choice to retain the poem on coffee, despite what he acknowledged to be its outdated style, provides insights into modes of elite connoisseurship practiced in late Mughal society.

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Additional Information

ISSN
1086-315X
Print ISSN
0013-2586
Pages
pp. 371-388
Launched on MUSE
2014-07-31
Open Access
No
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