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324 THE UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO QUARTERLY 176 pp., $2.00). Eaton (Evelyn), The sea is so wide (N.Y. and London, Harper, xiv, 281 pp., $2.50). French (M. P.), Boughs bend over (Toronto, McClelland; Garden City, Doubleday, x, 246 pp., $2.50). Hai~-Brown (R. L.), Starbuck valley winter (N.Y., William Morrow, vi, 310 pp., $2.00). Heighington (Wilfrid), The cannon's mouth (Toronto, Forward Publishing Co., 368 pp., $3.00). Innis (M. Q.), Stand on a rainbow (Toronto, Collins, vi, 290 pp., $2.50). Knox (0. E.), By paddle and saddle (Toronto, Macmillan , xii, 270 pp., $1.75). McDowell (F. D.), Forges of freedom (Toronto, Macmillan, xvi, 542 pp., $3.50). Merrill (Marion), Treasure cave trail: an adventure of the young Billings (N.Y., William Morrow; Toronto, McClelland, 160 pp., $2.35). Millar (Margaret), Wall of eyes (N.Y., Random House; Toronto, l\llacmillan, viii, 243 pp., $2.50). Raddall (T. H.), The pied p{per of Dipper Creek and other tales (Toronto, McClelland, viii, 3.32 pp., $2.50). Strin~er (Arthur), Star in a mist (Indianapolis, N.Y., Bobbs-Merrill; Toronto, McClelland, 312 pp., $3.00). White (S. A.), Northwest patrol (N.Y., Phoenix Press, 254 pp., $2.00)_ . IlL REMAINING MATERIAL THE EDITOR AND OTHERS· This essay, which has presented its usual desperate problem of organization, is divided into three sections. The first is devoted to works bearing on literature and the arts in Canada. The second reviews books which fall in the area of the social sciences, the more technical studies being assigned to Professor Brady, and the more popular, together with narratives of the war, to Mr Philip Child.1 Th_ e third section deals with the miscellaneous prose literature of the year. I In Mr A. J. M. Smith's Book of Canadian Poetry: A Critical and Historical dnthology and Professor E. K. Brown's On Canadian Poetry, the year 1943 saw the two most important contributions to the history and criticism of Canadian literature yet made.2 Both are the work of Canadian scholars (Mr Brown from Toronto, and Mr Smith from McGill) who have supplemented their Canadian training by study in two of the great centres of European learning and by teaching in the United States, so that they bring to their tasks an. outlook and a standard which are much more than merely local or national. It is not before a wider outlook and a higher standard are needed. With two or three notable exceptions, most of them in the division of poetry, our literature has been alarmi~gly 1Their contributions are clearly 4t:signated as they occur. 'Reviewed in the QuARTERLY for January1 1944. LETTERS JN CANADA: 1943 325 lacking in real distinction, and it$ historians, critics and anthologists , again with one or two honourable exceptions, have certainly manifested the dyer's hand subdued to that it works in. Their· response (to vary the image) to the more or less flat surface which is Canadi~n literature has been of two kinds: some of them have magnified every mole-:.hill into a mountain, while others have lamented the rarity even of respectable mole-hills, setting it all down with monotonous reiteration to. the presence of the colonial spirit and the absence of financial support; and it is not easy .to say which of the two responses is the more provincial, uncritical, and of necessity utterly unproductive. What is required is a resolute effort to see the object as in itself it really is, a refusal to praise or blame intemperately or to resort to partial or conventional explanations, and the· applying, on the one hand, of recognized methods of historical research and, on the other, of a critical standard which would not in the general republic of letters seem irrelevant or absurd. Because they rise, on the whole, securely to this demand, these two books are an achievement and a promise for the future. In avowed intention both are critical rather . than historical-. Mr Smith writes: The main purpose ... is to illustrate in the light of a contemporary and cosmopolitan literary consciousness the broad development of English-Canadian poetry from its beginnings ... to its renewal of...


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