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REVIEWS character of the subject permits. Both these books are useful additions to the literature of philosophy. As an introduction to general philosophy The !!l.,tu.r/ioning Mind has distinctive merits and should be welcome both in the classroom and in the library of the general reader. The Philosophy of Education also provides a much needed supplement to the presen t stock of books in that field, and should enable the reader to grasp the principles which are more or less openly adopted by writers like Russell and Dewey, and by many practical educationists not so popularly known but none the less important in t~e criticism"and construction of the present schemes oJ education. PROBLEMS OF EARLY HEBREW CIVILIZATION' G. B. KI NG The " publisher's blurb" is not always borne out by a reading of the book. In the case of Dr. Meek's volume, however, it happens to be so. The cover page describes the book as "a fascinating account of the origins of the Hebrew race," and I have indeed found the volume fascinating. T he book contains the Haskell Lectures which the author delivered at Oberlin College in 1933-4. 1n developing"his theme, Dr. Meek deals with the origins of the Hebrew people, of Hebrew law, of the Hebrew God, of the Hebrew priesthood, of Hebrew prophecy, and of Hebrew monotheism. The ~aterial of each chapter, even where the problem dealt with is an intricate one, is clearly, logically, and interestingly presented. Full references are off~red for the reader who wishes to know the sources of the author's information or conclusions. Numerous translations of ancient documents light up the pages. Almost every chapter contains a summary of the conclusions, a very great help to ~he reader who has been following the argument. Ahogether, the author is to be congratulated on producing a book of interest and value both to the general reader and to the specialist. In his first chapter, on the origin of the Hebrew people, Dr. -HdrtfD Origins (The Haskell Lectures for 1933_34, The Graduate School of Theology, Oberlin College), by Theophile James Meek, Harper and Bros. (The Musson B()()k Co.). L 9J6. 135 THE UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO QPARTERLY lVIeek starts with the great push of the Hurrians, ear~y in the second - millennium B.C., which, starting from the Caucasian highlands, carried them over the wholeo! the Near East. The Hurrians never founded an empire, but are referred to in the Old Testament under the name Horite and have left trace of themselves in the patriarchal narratives in such r~{erences_ -as Genesis 31: I5b} where Hurrian parallels furnish a reading, ('For he sold us, and has enjoyed the usufruct of our dowry as well." Following the Hurrian·s, there came, about 1750 B.C.) the Hyksos, a horde of heterogeneous people-for the author maintains that the name "Hyksos" is "not· ethnic, as Hurrian is, but merely descriptive"-who went as far as Egypt. Amid this welter of races the Hebrew people were born and aTe to be recognized in the Habi,.u-'Apiru. Their conquest of Canaan occurred in two quite distinct· incursions, that of the northern tribes under Joshua, from 1400 -B.C. to about 1300, and that of the southern tribes under Moses, around 1200 B.C. These latter alone had been in Egypt and Kadesh} and they made their way directly into Canaan from the south, only the tribe of Reuben migrating northward around Edom, to the north-east of the Dead Sea. In chapter two, «The Origin of Hebrew Law," the relations of the Hebrew Code to the Babylonian Code of Hammurabi, to the Hittite, and to the Assyrian, are discussed in turn. Marked likenesses are found between the Hebrew and Babylonian Codes; but Dr. Meek contends that these came about through the common heritage of primitive Bedouin law shared by both peoples. He concludes that most of the Hebrew law was their own, the product of the nomadic wanderings of the Hebrews and of their settlement in Canaan. What they borrowed, they adapted ·to ·their needs and improved. Dr. Meek suggests, in chapter three, ('The Origin of the Hebrew God...


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