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In the province of Lampung in the southernmost region of Sumatra, the indigenous people are a forgotten and neglected minority. The recent history of the performing arts as highlighted by the old masked theater form sakura performed by the Saibatin ethnic group in the mountainous northwest, illuminates this social problem. Through the various eras—independence, Guided Democracy, the New Order, Reformasi—and into the present, the arts in Java and other parts of Indonesia have largely been regulated from the national capital, Jakarta. However, the arts of Lampung trace their own history, determined by the ongoing marginalization of the indigenous people since the initiation of the century-old transmigration program and perpetuated by subsequent immigrant communities.