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Despite the improved international architecture for the prediction, prevention, and punishment of mass atrocities since the Rwandan Genocide 20 years ago, the fate of Sudan’s Nuba people has been overlooked. Since May 2011, the Nuba have been under attack by the Sudanese regime, which has been using the same tactics it employed to devastating effect during the 1990s. However, problematic Arab-Islamic views of the Nuba go back centuries, to the slave trade. The international community’s attention to continuing human rights abuses in the Nuba Mountains has been inconsistent and easily deflected onto low-level hostilities between South Sudan and Sudan. Meanwhile, Sudan has rallied regional leaders, defying the International Criminal Court’s indictment of President al-Bashir. The United States and United Kingdom, guarantors of the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), have declined to press Khartoum to fulfill its obligations under the CPA, to enact constitutional reform, or to cease bombing the Nuba for fear that a Sudanese Arab Spring might bring unknown actors to power in Khartoum.