The Ottoman state embraced a calendrical multiplicity that helped Jews maintain their public temporal sphere. Because of its demographic and socioeconomic predominance, Salonican Jewry illustrates this arrangement most vividly. In contrast to west and central European Jews, ordinary Ottoman Jews were not pressured to adopt Muslim temporal symbols as a sign of integration. Though the Salonican Jewish elite may have flirted with western Christmas customs, the Salonican Shabbat illustrates the retention of the public Jewish temporal sphere, combining leisure, recreation, and worship for Jews but transcending sectarian boundaries by bringing port and citywide business activities to a near standstill. Late Ottoman Salonica highlights the importance of time as an interface between the secular and the religious.


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pp. 109-150
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