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E s s a y R e v i e w W o r k s R e v i e w e d Fresonke, Kris, and Mark Spence, eds. Lewis & Clark: Legacies, Memories, and New Perspectives. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2004298 pages, $55.00/$21.95. Huser, Verne. On the River with Lewis and Clark. College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 2004- 224 pages, $17.95. Jones, Landon Y. William Clark and the Shaping of the West. New York: Hill and Wang, 2004. 408 pages, $25.00/$ 15.00. T h r e e B ic e n t e n n i a l P e r s p e c t iv e s o n L e w is a n d C l a r k J a s o n W i l l i a m s M uch like the Lewis and Clark centennial celebrations of a century ago, the bicentennial commemoration of Lewis and Clark’s 1803-1806 expedition has been accompanied by an outpouring of scholarly atten­ tion. The Web of Science (including the Science Citation Index, the Social Sciences Citation Index, and the Arts and Humanities Citation Index) lists only sixteen titles from 1980 under the subject heading “Lewis and Clark.” In 1990 that number decreased to twelve, and in William Clark’s elkskin-bound journal. Clark Family Collection. Missouri Historical Society Archives. NS 26081. Photograph: Cary Horton. Courtesy Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis. © 2002. W e s t e r n A m e r i c a n L i t e r a t u r e 4 0 .3 ( F a l l 2 0 0 5 ) : 3 4 4 - 5 2 . J a s o n W i l l ia m s 3 4 5 2000 it dropped to ten. In 2003, however, the first year of the expedition ’s bicentennial commemoration, scholarly articles about Lewis and Clark jumped to fifty-nine. In 2004 the number rose to seventy-■four— more than eight times the number of titles listed just four years earlier (Web of Science). If the level of academic interest in Lewis and Clark can be measured by the quantity of scholarly publications about them, then the two explorers are hotter now than they’ve ever been. In addition to simply becoming more prolific, Lewis and Clark scholarship has diversified. Before 2003, scholarly articles on the Lewis and Clark expedition were predominantly published in history journals. Since the advent of the bicentennial commemoration, however, scholars have examined the legacy of Lewis and Clark through more varied lenses: environmental studies, American literature, psychiatry, meteo­ rology, and surgery, to name just a few. Three book-length studies on Lewis and Clark that have come out in the last year are representative of this varied approach in the examination of the Corps of Discovery’s expedition. Lewis & Clark: Legacies, Memories, and New Perspectives, On the River with Lewis and Clark, and William Clark and the Shaping of the West tell three distinct stories about the Lewis and Clark expedition, its context, and its consequences. While none of the studies pretends to be the definitive reading of the expedition, each plays a part in unraveling the complexities of the two-hundred-year-old legacy left by Meriwether Lewis and William Clark. Kris Fresonke and Mark Spence, the editors of Lewis & Clark, divide their collection into four sections. “Contexts” includes essays about the American Philosophical Society (the organization that sponsored the expedition in 1803 and then organized and published its findings after­ ward), the scholarly edition of the Journals, and Lewis and Clark’s role as medical providers on the journey. In the section titled “Legacies,” Peter Appel explores the effect of the Louisiana Purchase on the Constitution; Raymond Cross investigates the long-term consequences of Lewis and Clark’s visit to the Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara Indians; and Charles Boewe uncovers how a lesser-known member of the expe­ dition influenced the linguist C. S. Rafinesque. “Memories” examines how the Lewis and Clark expedition was represented and understood in the centennial moment of the first part of the twentieth century. John Spencer demonstrates how the centennial celebrations of...


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