Many researchers suggest that there is an increasing estrangement of Israeli Arabs they are less hopeful that the state will be fair to them and increasingly willing to engage in confrontational activities. These researchers emphasize the efforts and views of the Palestinian national parties and the Follow-up committee. By contrast, local Arab communities have become increasingly committed to working with state agencies. This local behavior reflects successful government efforts to enhance the educational and employment situation of Israeli Arabs, including the Bedouin community. These initiatives have raised economic wellbeing so that Israeli Arabs increasingly see benefits from constructive engagement. This local transformation has the potential for state reforms that will go beyond economic and educational advancements.