This article is based on a chapter of my forthcoming book, A World Cut in Two: The Global Traffic in Organs (University of California Press). My debts to those who have assisted the Organs Watch project are too numerous to be acknowledged here. The late "Micky" Friedlaender of Hadassah Hospital was an invaluable friend and feisty interlocutor on the ethics and practice of transplantation. Meira Weiss, esteemed anthropological colleague and friend, and Dr. Chen Kugel, military IDF commissioned officer (reserve) and senior pathologist, each paid dearly for their love of truth, of their professions, and their patriotism. Their work on this subject paved the way for the writing of this article.